EXPOSING SOCIAL INEQUALITY FROM THE MENTALLY ILL REPRESENTATION IN TODD PHILLIPS’ JOKER

  • Jennifer Gracia Marsena English Department, Universitas Kristen Maranatha, Indonesia
  • Sonny Angjaya English Department, Universitas Kristen Maranatha, Indonesia
Keywords: Discrimination, Film, Joker, Mental Illness, Social Inequality, System Discrimination

Abstract

Social inequality has continuously become a problem especially towards marginalized group. Such topic is presented in Todd Phillips latest psychological thriller, Joker (2019). Whilst other researches focus on the psychological aspect of the film, this study takes on the perspective of the sociological/socio-political aspect in the film which is social inequality. In analyzing the social inequality aspect of the film, this study uses theory of structural discrimination by Link, et al. which theorizes that laws, policies, or other practices. are discriminating a marginalized group. To analyze the film itself, the writers analyzed the mise-en- scène and cinematography aspects of the film. The purpose of this study is to find if government’s policies have any involvement of impact to the life of a mentally ill person. Method used for this analysis is qualitative data research. In analyzing the film, it is found that Fleck’s life as a mentally ill and poor person is deliberately sabotaged by the discriminative policies and laws applied in Gotham city. In conclusion, this film represents Joker as more than just a Batman’s main film but rather used as a vehicle to criticize the state of social inequality in the world.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Altiraifi, A. & Rapfogel, N. (2020, September 10). Mental health care was severely inequitable, then came the Coronavirus crisis. Center for American Progress. www.americanprogress.org/issues/disability/reports/2020/09/10/490221/mental-health-care-severely-inequitable-came-coronavirus-crisis/
Amelia, H. (2021). The representation of class struggle in Todd Phillilps and Scott Silver’s Joker movie [Bachelor thesis]. UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung. http://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/39276/4/4_Bab%201.pdf
Baharuddin, A. F., & Gosal, A. N. (2021). Exploitation & Social Discrimination Portrayed In The Joker Movie (2019): A Study Of Class Analysis. Mediator: Jurnal Komunikasi, 14(2), 217-228. https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v14i2.6482
Bainbridge, C. (2021). Cracking up: Joker and the mediatisation of the arse-end of the world. New Review of Film and Television Studies, 19(1), 54-64. https://doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2020.1861882
Brown, J. (2021). A city without a hero: Joker and rethinking hegemony. New Review of Film and Television Studies, 19(1), 7-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2020.1864177
Giridharadas, A. (2018, August 24). Beware rich people who say they want to change the world. The New York Times. www.nytimes.com/2018/08/24/opinion/sunday/wealth-philanthropy-fake-change.html
Fitriani, Y. (2019, December). Analysis of psychological aspects of the main character in movie “Joker” based on Sigmund Freud theory. Humanitatis: Journal on Language and Literature, 6(1). 119-128. https://scholar.google.com/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=9ZyurV0AAAAJ&citation_for_view=9ZyurV0AAAAJ:u5HHmVD_uO8C
Igartua, J.-J., Barrios, I. (2012, June). Changing Real-World Beliefs With Controversial Movies: Processes and Mechanism of Narrative Persuasion. Journal of Communication, 6(3). 514-531. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2012.01640
IMBD (n.d). Joker Awards. www.imdb.com/title/tt7286456/awards/
Jiménez-Varea, J., Hermida, A., & Hernández-Santaolalla, V. (2021). The Joker city, or the mysteries and miseries of Gotham. New Review of Film and Television Studies, 19(1), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2020.1862583
Jürgens, A. S. (2020). The Pathology of Joker’s Dance: The Origins of Arthur Fleck’s Body Aesthetics in Todd Phillips’s 2019 Joker Film. Dance Chronicle, 43(3), 321-337. https://doi.org/10.1080/01472526.2020.1816740
Kaye, H. S., Jans, L. H, & Jones. E. C. (2011, March 13). Why don’t employers retain and hire workers with disabilities? NBI. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3217147/
Kerins, M. (2021). Hearing reality in Joker. New Review of Film and Television Studies, 19(1), 89-100. https://doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2020.1861883
Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. C. (2001). Conceptualizing stigma. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 363–385.
Link, B. G., Phelan, J. C., & Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2014). Stigma and social inequality. McLeod, J. D., Lawler E. J., Schwalbe, M. (Eds.). Handbook of the social psychology of inequality (pp. 49-64). New York: Springer.
Mathijs, E. (2021). Ace in the hole: media panics, muted voices, and anxieties of consumption in the reception of Joker. New Review of Film and Television Studies, 19(1), 101-111. https://doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2020.1861890
McKeon, J. (2021, July 23). Community health centers urge congress to invest in health equity. Patient Engagement Hit. patientengagementhit.com/news/community-health-centers-urge-congress-to-invest-in-health-equity
Newey, S., & Gulland, A. (2018, October 10). An invisible crisis: developing countries remain ill-equipped to tackle mental health. The Telegraph. www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/climate-and-people/invisible-crisis-developing-countries-remain-ill-equipped-tackle/
Phillips, T. (Director). (2019). Joker [Film]. Warner Bros. Pictures, DC Films, Joint Effort, Bron Creative, & Village Roadshow Pictures.
Rahman, A. (2021). Personality disorder as seen in the Joker movie [Bachelor thesis]. UIN Sutha Jambi. http://repository.uinjambi.ac.id/6643/1/skripsi%20watermark.pdf
Rapahelson, S. (2018, March 09). Severe shortage of psychiatrists exacerbated by lack of federal funding. NPR. www.npr.org/2018/03/09/592333771/severe-shortage-of-psychiatrists-exacerbated-by-lack-of-federal-funding
Redmond, S. (2021). The loneliness of Joker. New Review of Film and Television Studies, 19(1), 65-77. https://doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2020.1861871
Rowan, K., McAlpine, D. D., & Blewett, L. A. (2013, October). Access and cost barriers to mental health care, by insurance status, 1999-2010. Health Affairs. www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0133
Sarasa, R. D. (2021). Bullying and its implication to character building in Todd Phillips’ Joker Movie (2019) [Bachelor thesis]: A psychological perspective. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surkarta. eprints.ums.ac.id/90443/1/NASKAH PUBLIKASI.pdf
Scheff, T. J. (1966). Being mentally Ill: A sociological theory. Chicago: Aldine (reprinted 1984).
Sutandio, A. (2020). Dasar-Dasar Kajian Sinema. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.
Wike, R. (2013). The global consensus: Inequality is a major problem. Pew Research Center. www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/11/15/the-global-consensus-inequality-is-a-major-problem/
Published
2022-03-29
How to Cite
Marsena, J., & Angjaya, S. (2022). EXPOSING SOCIAL INEQUALITY FROM THE MENTALLY ILL REPRESENTATION IN TODD PHILLIPS’ JOKER. Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), 6(1), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.33019/lire.v6i1.135