GENDER AND RELIGIOUS IDENTITY: INTERSECTING AXES OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE BREADWINNER ANIMATED MOVIE (2017)

  • Geni Kurniati Universitas Pamulang
  • Christy Tisnawijaya Universitas Pamulang
Keywords: Gender discrimination, religious identity, The Breadwinner

Abstract

This study, entitled “Gender and Religious Identity: Intersecting Axes of Discrimination in The Breadwinner Animated Movie (2017)”, highlights the importance of conceptualizing gender discrimination related to religious identity as inherently shaped by society. By employing the library research method and intersectional theoretical perspectives, this study examines how gender and religious identity are inextricably linked to portray the main character’s experiences of discrimination. The analysis begins with narrative and illustrative data showing how the main character’s background as a daughter and Muslim results in multiple layers of discrimination. Her gender and religious affiliation substantially influence the discrimination. Moreover, bias varies for men and women of different age groups. The main character experiences more discrimination as a teenage girl than her disguised character as a teenage boy. Women are significantly more likely to face gender discrimination than men, but girls are enormous. Hence, this concurrent examination of the main character’s gender and religious identity reveals that she is characterized by high rates of discrimination throughout her childhood; in a way, teenage boys are not. The main character’s experience of discrimination highlights the importance of conceptualizing gender and religious identity as intersecting axes of discrimination

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Almughni, O., Edward, & Fauzi, M. (2020). Breadwinner’s propaganda within the English foreign movie’s depiction of Middle-East. Elsya: Journal of English Language Studies, 2(2), 67-71. http://ojs.journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/elsya
Atrey, S. (2019). Intersectional discrimination. Oxford University Press.
Beauvoir, S. (1973). The second sex, trans. H. M. Parshley. Vintage.
Bordwell, D., & Thompson, K. (2008). Film art: An introduction. McGraw-Hill.
Boggs, J. M., & Petrie, D.W. (2008). The art of watching films. 7ed. McGraw-Hill.
Butler, J. (1988). Performative acts and gender constitution: An essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre Journal, 40(4), 519-531. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3207893
Chagnolleau, I.M. (2013) The use of color in theater and film. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03328903/document
Darta, D. M. S., Kristina, D. (2018). The representation of women characters in the movie the breadwinner. International Journal of Humanity Studies, 2(1), 42-50. https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2018.020105
Dise, J. (2016). Filmmaking 101: Camera shot types. https://www.bhphotovideo.com/explora/video/tips-and-solutions/filmmaking-101-camera-shot-types
Gitlin, M.P., Jolie, A. (Producers), & Twomey, N. (Director). (2017). The breadwinner [Motion picture]. Cartoon Saloon.
Hammarberg, K., Kirkman, M., & de Lacey, S. (2016, March 1). Human reproduction. Retrieved from Oxford Academic: https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article/31/3/498/2384737
Hamrock, J.T. (2000). Visual communication and entertainment through animation. https://scholarworks.uni.edu/grp/782
Harper, H. (2007). Studying masculinity(ies) in books about girls. Canadian Journal of Education, 30(2), 508-530. https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/studying-masculinity-ies-books-about-girls/docview/215380509/se-2?accountid=12528
Jacobs, C.P. (n.d.). Film theory and approaches to criticism, or, what did that movie mean? August 23, 2019. https://www1.und.edu/faculty/christopherjacobs/_files/docs/theory-and-analysis.pdf
Jia, T. (2014). Analysis of visual symbols application in film and television animations creation. Proceedings of International Conference on Education, Language, Art and Intercultural Communication, 2014 (pp. 483-485). https://dx.doi.org/10.2991/icelaic-14.2014.122
Klarer, M. (2004). An introduction to literary studies. Routledge.
Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology: Methods & techniques. (2nd Ed). New Age International Publishers.
Maio, A. (2020). What is animation? definition and types of animation. https://www.studiobinder.com/blog/what-is-animation-definition/
Ramrao, T. M. (2016). Film and literature: An overview. Epitomejournals 2(9), 149-156.
Russel, D. L. (1991). Literature for children: A short introduction. Longman.
The Los Angeles Film School. (n.d.). The psychological of color. https://www.lafilm.edu/blog/the-psychology-of-color/
The Writing Center. (2014). Formal elements of film. https://clas.ucdenver.edu/writing-center/sites/default/files/attached-files/formal_elements_of_film_chart.pdf
Wellek, R., & Warren, A. (1995). Teori kesusastraan (M. Budianta, Trans.). PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Published
2022-10-27
How to Cite
Kurniati, G., & Tisnawijaya, C. (2022). GENDER AND RELIGIOUS IDENTITY: INTERSECTING AXES OF DISCRIMINATION IN THE BREADWINNER ANIMATED MOVIE (2017). Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), 6(2), 162-176. https://doi.org/10.33019/lire.v6i2.154