THE RESISTANCE OF MARGINALIZED PEOPLE IN “KEN AROK DAN KEN DEDES” NOVEL BY GAMAL KOMANDOKO

(Spivak Post-colonial Study)

  • Nashruddin Nashruddin Universitas Muslim Maros, Indonesia and Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5372-2440
  • Haris Supratno Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Darni Darni Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Tengsoe Tjahjono Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
Keywords: influence of authorities, resistance, marginalized people, post-colonial theory

Abstract

Literary works has been used as objects of research as well as instruments for studying theories of language and literature. One of the literary works that is involved in linguistics and literature research is novel. This study aims at (i) finding the influence of dominant and arbitrary authorities, (ii) finding the resistance of the marginalized people against the authorities, and (iii) revealing the intelligence of the marginalized in doing an effort to fight against the authorities, in a novel entitled “Ken Arok dan Ken Dedes (Pertumpahan Darah Menuju Singgasana)” composed by Gamal Komandoko by applying Gayatri Spivak’s post-colonial theory. The present study uses a qualitative approach in which the data source is a novel of “Ken Arok dan Ken Dedes (Pertumpahan Darah Menuju Singgasana)” telling a coup story in Java. The research data are words, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs, found in Komandoko’s novel, which are in line with Spivak’s post-colonial theory. The researchers used documentation or literature in data collection. For data analysis, the researchers used descriptive analysis technique. From the results of data analysis based on Spivak’s post-colonial theory, the influence of authorities which are dominant and arbitrary, the resistance of the marginalized people against the authorities, and high intelligence possessed by the marginalized to carry out a coup as a form of resistance against the authorities are found in the novel of “Ken Arok dan Ken Dedes (Pertumpahan Darah Menuju Singgasana)” by Gamal Komandoko.

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Author Biographies

Nashruddin Nashruddin, Universitas Muslim Maros, Indonesia and Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Nashruddin (Scopus ID: 57204543841, Sinta ID: 6765953) is a senior lecturer in English Education Study Program at Universitas Muslim Maros, Indonesia. At the time of carrying out this research, the author was studying for a Doctoral Program in Language and Literature Education Study Program at Surabaya State University. The author’s areas of research interest are in Education, English Learning-Teaching, and Linguistics. Some of his published research can be traced through https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=IRTCjvwAAAAJ&hl=en.

Haris Supratno, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Haris Supratno (Scopus ID: 57562982500, Sinta ID: 6654707) is a professor in Doctoral Program, Language and Literature Education Study Program at Surabaya State University, Indonesia. The author’s area of ​​research interest is Sociology of Literature. Some of his published research can be found at https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=JlVafZwAAAAJ

Darni Darni, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Darni (Scopus ID: 57991512200, Sinta ID: 6010575) is a professor in Language and Literature Education Study Program at Surabaya State University, Indonesia. The author’s areas of ​​research interest are Literature, Education, Art and Culture. Some of his published research can be found at https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=gX_F5BoAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Tengsoe Tjahjono, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Tengsoe Tjahjono (Scopus ID: 57564498000, Sinta ID: 6731465) is an associate professor in Language and Literature Education Study Program at Surabaya State University, Indonesia. The author’s area of ​​research interest is Literature. Some of his published research can be found at https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=120zJlwAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

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Published
2023-05-24
How to Cite
Nashruddin, N., Supratno, H., Darni, D., & Tjahjono, T. (2023). THE RESISTANCE OF MARGINALIZED PEOPLE IN “KEN AROK DAN KEN DEDES” NOVEL BY GAMAL KOMANDOKO. Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), 7(1), 162-176. https://doi.org/10.33019/lire.v7i1.187