LANGUAGE FUNCTION ACQUISITION OF THREE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN URBAN EDUCATED FAMILY ENVIRONMENT

  • Anita Dewi Kurniasari Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Yakub Nasucha
  • Ali Imron Al-Ma’Ruf
Keywords: Language acquisition, educted family, language function

Abstract

This article aims to describe the acquisition of language function of three-year-olds in an urban educated family environment. This research utilizes a qualitative approach with a descriptive method. The research subjects are three-year-old children in an educated family environment in the city of Surakarta with a focus on language function. Data are obtained in school, family, and home environment. Data collection uses observation, recording, and note-taking techniques. Data analysis is performed using the translational, phonetic, and referential identity methods. Data validation applies to data source triangulation. The results of the research found three language functions acquired, including information function, exploration function, and persuasion function. The information function is obtained through the stimulation of the school environment, family environment, and play environment. The exploration function is utilized to convey the results of children's learning development. The function of persuasion is used by children to invite or seduce other people. It can be concluded that the three-year-old children are capable of acquiring various language functions with enough vocabulary to utilize them and stimulations at this stage are important and thus encouraged.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

(1) Abdurrahman, et al. (2019). Pemerolehan Bahasa pada Anak Usia 3 Tahun. Jurnal Obsesi,
3(1), 137–145. Retrieved From https://obsesi.or.id/index.php/obsesi/article/view/156
(2) Arciuli & Evan. (2016). Individual Differences in Statistical Learning Predict Children’s Comprehension of Syntax Evan. Child Development, 87(1), 184–193. Retrieved From https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12461
(3) Arsanti.M. (2014). Pemerolehan Bahsa pada Anak (Kajian Psikolinguistik). Jurnal PBSI, 3(2), 24–47. Retrieved From http://research.unissula.ac.id/file/publikasi/211315023/3959
(4) Asri & Indah. (2019). Pemerolehan Bahasa Pertama pada Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 3(1), 265–273. Retrieved From https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v3i1.160
(5) Budiana. N. (2020). Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak Usia 2,5 Tahun Tataran Fonologi-Morfologi dan Sintaksis. Jurnal Ilmiah Semantika, 1(2), 35–41. Retrieved From https://doi.org/http://jurnal.umus.ac.id/index.php/semantika/article/view/169
(6) Chaer, A. (2015). Psikolinguistik:Kajian Teoritik. Bandung: Rineka Cipta.
(7) Crowe & Sharynne. (2018). Children ’ s Consonant Acquisition in 27 Languages: A Cross-Linguistic Review. Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1(2), 1–26. Retrieved From https://doi.org/https://pubs.asha.org/doi/abs/10.1044/2018_ajslp-17-0100
(8) Gani, et al. (2019). ) Memahami Bahasa Anak Usia 14 Bulan Melalui Unsur “Non-Linguistik.” Jurnal Obsesi, 3(1), 146–152. Retrieved From https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v3i1.155
(9) Gunawan.F. (2013). Wujud Kesantunan Berbahasa Mahasiswa terhadap Dosen di STAIN Kendari: Kajian Sosiopragmatik. Jurnal Arbitrer, 1(1), 8–18. Retrieved From http://arbitrer.fib.unand.ac.id/index.php/arbitrer/article/view/2/2p
(10) Hasibuan.H. (2020). Hubungan Penguasaan Fungsi Kalimat dengan Kemampuan Menulis Karangan pada Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sosa. Jurnal Sinar Edukasi, 01(01), 16–24. Retrieved From http://iitss.or.id/index.php/jse/article/download/13/10
(11) Khairi.H. (2018). Karakteristik Perkembangan Anak. Jurnal Warna, 2(2), 15–28. Retrieved From http://ejournal.iaiig.ac.id/index.php/warna/article/view/87/91
(12) Musaffak. (2015). Analisis Iklan Makanan dan Minuman pada Telivisi Berdasarkan Struktur dan Fungsi Bahasa. Jurnal Kembara, 1(2), 224–232. Retrieved From /http://202.52.52.22/index.php/kembara/article/download/2618/3269
(13) Natsir.N. (2017). Hubungan Psikolinguistik dalam pemerolehan dan Pembelajaran Bahasa. Jurnal Retorika, 10(1), 20–29.
Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610
(14) Nirmala & Marisssa. (2020). Tindak Tutur dalam Upacara Etnis Tionghoa Peranakan. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra, 13(1), 31–43. Retrieved From journal.um-surabaya.ac.id/index.php/Stilistika/article/viewFile/3710/2547
(15) Panjaitan & Ipan. (2019). Kemampuan Menentukan Fungsi Sintaksis dalam Kalimat Tunggal oleh Siswa Kelas VI SD. Jurnal Tapanuli, 1(2), 290–295. Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610http://journal.ojs-unita.com/index.php/unita/article/download/41/39
(16) Prasetiawan.D. (2017). Pemerolehan Bahasa pada Anak Suku Sasak dalam Perspektif Psikolinguistik. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Sastra, 17(1), 72–80. Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610https://media.neliti.con/media/publications/118961-ID-pemerolehan-bahasa-pada-anak-suku-sasak.pdf
(17) Purwitasari, et al. (2015). Pembobotan Kalimat Berdasarkan Fitur Berita dan Trending Issue untuk Peringkasan Multi Dokumen Berita. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Informasi, 13(1), 38–44. Retrieved From http://eprints.umm.ac.id/36591/2
(18) Saputri. R. (2018). Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak Usia 3 Tahun. Jurnal Linguistik, 2(4), 210–214. Retrieved From
http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610http://ejournal.unwmataram.ac.id/trendi/article/view/62
(19) Sebayang, H. K. S. (2018). Analisis Pemerolehan Bahasa Pertama (Bahasa Melayu) pada Anak Usia 3 Tahun. Jurnal Pena Indonesia, 4(1), 106–114. Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610https://journal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jpi/article/view/2313
(20) Setiawan, et al. (2017). Pengaruh Lingkungan Keluarga terhadap Minat Belajar Anak. Jurnal Paedagogie, V(2), 111–119.
Retrieved From http://e-jurnal.stkipmsampit.ac.id/index.php/Pendidikan/article/view/61
(21) Simanjuntak, M. (2017). Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak (Kajian Mean Length of Utterence ‘MLU’) Luzca Fortunata Roito Situmorang (Anak Usia Satu Tahun Sebelas Bulan). Jurnal Bahasa, 1(2), 1–11. Retrieved From
https://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/index.php/kultura/article
(22) Sobari, et al. (2018). Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak Usia 2 –3 Tahun Ditinjau dari aspek Fonologi. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 1(4), 591–602. Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610
(23) Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press.
(24) Sudaryanto & Mukhammad. (2020). Kajian Bentuk dan Fungsi Jargon di Grup Facebook dan Kaitannya dengan Pembelajaran Teks Negosiasi. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 3(1), 35–48.
Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610
(25) Suliani, et al. (2013). Pemerolehan Kalimat Anak di Paud Babul’Ilmi dan Implikasinya terhadap Pembelajaran PAUD. Jurnal Kata, 1(7), 1–12. Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610http://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/index.php/BINdoi/article/view/2972
(26) Suntini & Ajat. (2018). Analisis Pemerolehan Bahasa Pertama pada Anak Usia Satu Tahun sampai Usia Lima Tahun di Kelurahan Cigintung. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 13(2), 190–198. Retrieved From
https://journal.uniku.ac.id/index.php/FON/article/view/1561/1151
(27) Syarif, et al. (2017). Pengaruh Persepsi Siswa terhadap Pola Asuh Orang Tua dan Tingkat Pendidikan Orang Tua terhadap Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar Biologi Siswa Kelas X dan XI IPA SMAN 8 Makassar Tahun Ajaran 2017/2018. Prosiding Seminar Nasional, 4(1), 98–107. Retrieved From http://journal.uncp.ac.id/index.php/proceding/article/view/1208
(28) Usman, H. (2015). Studi Pemerolehan Bahasa pada Anak Usia 4 Tahun (Kajian Sintaksis ). Jurnal Linguistik Terapan, 5(2), 16–27. Retrieved From
http://jlt.polinema.ac.id/index.php/jlt/article
(29) Wulandari, I. D. (2018). Pemerolehan Bahasa Indonesia Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun di PAUD Lestari Desa Blimbing Kecamatan Pacitan Kabupaten Lamongan. Jurnal Lingua, 6(1), 74–83. Retrieved From http://ojs.unm.ac.id/retorika/article/view/4610http://journal.um-surabaya.ac.id/index.php/lingua/article/view/1346
Published
2020-10-12
How to Cite
Kurniasari, A., Nasucha, Y., & Al-Ma’Ruf, A. (2020). LANGUAGE FUNCTION ACQUISITION OF THREE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN URBAN EDUCATED FAMILY ENVIRONMENT. Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), 4(2), 247-257. https://doi.org/10.33019/lire.v4i2.76